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Spike Lee's SHE'S GOTTA HAVE IT is sexy, silly and serious

by Matthew Seitz
August 7, 2011 10:00 AM
9 Comments
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By Jonathan Pacheco
Press Play Contributor

Nola (Tracy Camilla Johns) is a mythological goddess, a seductress rarely descending from her studio apartment, spending her time perched on her bed, which doubles as a sort of altar to her sexual prowess, decorated with more candles than a cathedral. She only makes love on her own mattress, but her suitors — male and female — are more than willing to make the journey for their reward will be great. Even her full name Nola Darling when spoken by her lovers, sounds more like a near-allegorical title that she demands than a true first and last name. Yes, she's a seductress, but one whose greed is without malice.

Or maybe she's simply a modern young woman who enjoys sex, openly and honestly soliciting several relationships — most frequently with Jamie (Tommy Redmond Hicks), an honest gentleman; Greer (John Canada Terrell), a model; and Mars (Spike Lee), a scrawny bike messenger — to fulfill her desires. In our society, the promiscuous male equivalent of this character has been accepted and even glorified for a while now, and not just in the black community. But a female who carries on strictly physical relationships with multiple partners? Well, we've got some nasty words for a lady like that, even 25 years after this film was made, don't we? She's Gotta Have It, while playful in ways we haven't seen from its director in a long time, wouldn't be a Spike Lee joint if it didn't address and attempt to annihilate some serious, thought-provoking issues and stereotypes. Lee's characters in this film are nonviolent, artistic, intelligent and successful (mostly). I don't recall hearing the n-word, and in the closing credits Lee proudly points out, "THIS FILM CONTAINS NO JERRI CURLS!!! AND NO DRUGS!!!" Clearly, his first feature is a call to abandon past stereotypes and think progressively about how we socially and sexually identify black men and women — heck, all men and women.

And a first feature this very much is, as She's Gotta Have It exhibits many of the expected traits of independent films by young directors. Most of the key performances, particularly those by Johns, Raye Dowell (as Nola's desperate-to-get-her-to-switch lesbian friend Opal) and occasionally Terrell, are weak and at times downright bad. The camerawork gets a bit too literal when it cues conversations (tilt up, settle, and — line!), and in that sense it sort of tips off the viewer. Still, some of those first-feature characteristics are charming when seen in the context of Lee's career thus far. It's fun to see members of his family play key roles in the production, from his sister, a young Joie Lee, playing Nola's former roommate, to his father, Bill Lee, doubling up as Nola's onscreen father as well as composer of the film's jazzy score. Through the film we discover a relaxed, familial production environment. When Mars is introduced, he's seen speeding down a hill on his bike, heading straight for the camera, swerving at the last moment to miss it as he screams. Lee cuts to a title card, but over it we hear laughter and chatter from the crew. It fits within the documentary facade of the film, but to my ears it sounds like real reactions from Lee's crew. Just before the end credits, the director lets his main players come out and take bows by having them slate a shot, then introduce themselves. A few add their own flair: an impersonation, a bass riff, a certain smirk. There's a joyful atmosphere to the production that Lee wants you to see.

The film itself is comically playful in a way you don't see from Lee anymore, partially because he's molded himself into a singular filmmaker no longer in need of his early, slightly derivative techniques. There are jokes, moments and even stretches in She's Gotta Have It that feel downright Woody Allen-esque, from Jamie's chase of Nola through the streets of New York to some plain silly touches, such as Nola nearly falling asleep waiting for Greer to slowly undress, or the reveal of Mars' sneakers during sex. Even Lee's now-familiar speaking-to-the-camera montage technique, typically used for dramatic effect (the racial slur sequence of Do the Right Thing or the "I'm Malcolm X" montage in Malcolm X), is used comically in this film to catalog the lame pickup attempts of Nola's would-be suitors (a scene that Kevin Smith would later ape in his own first feature, Clerks). I mean, at one point a man wipes snot with his hand, then briefly inspects it before finishing his pickup line; it's endearing how goofy Lee gets.

Despite its humble budget and brief shooting schedule, She's Gotta Have It is a great looking film, at times beautiful. Lee's bold visual style is present, though not quite fully developed; the crane shot is missing from his arsenal and his use of handheld feels a bit raw. Cinematographer Ernest Dickerson makes great use of black-and-white film and the occasional dose of slow-motion, most notably in a few of the film's sex scenes with characters set against a stark black background, lit almost exclusively in highlights and shot only in tight close-ups. Her breasts. His face, then hers. Mouths open in ecstasy. The film deliberately tries to be sexy, which is typically a turnoff for me, but here it absolutely works, as does one of its boldest moves, a single scene shot in color. While not as beautiful as the black-and-white photography, and ironically a bit more dated when we see the typical bright, clashing colors of the '80s (as if Nola's near-Eraserhead haircut didn't tip you off), its inclusion is surprising and striking enough that it conjured an involuntary "Whoa" from me when it arrived.

It's during this scene — Nola's birthday celebration with Jamie — that she's presented a cake with a trick candle that reignites after she blows it out. In passing, it's another small, playful way to cap a scene, perhaps in reality a gag played on the cast, because as they laugh, Tommy Hicks sneaks a quick glance at the camera and then at the offscreen crew. Yet, the moment foreshadows Nola's fate, doesn't it? The candles wrapping around her bed like angels' wings represent her sexual fire. She lights them before intercourse and extinguishes them after. She has a nightmare that includes flames engulfing her bed, her fear of her destructive sexuality in full metaphor. When she decides to become a celibate, one-man woman, part of her cleansing process entails removing candles from her altar and scraping off the excess wax.

But her celibacy doesn't last when she realizes that's not who she is or who she wants to be. In the film's closing moments, she's resigned to her reality, saying, "Who was I fooling?" as she stands against a curtain covered in a pattern resembling melted wax. Nola is that trick candle, only momentarily fooling he who thinks he can blow out her sexual fire. She'll always reignite.

Jonathan Pacheco contributes film and theater criticism to The House Next Door and Edward Copeland on Film while only pretending to write on his own site, Bohemian Cinema. In order to eat, he works in the Dallas area as a darn good web developer. Follow him on Twitter, if you like.

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9 Comments

  • Margaret Hames | August 8, 2011 11:46 AMReply

    Non-violent? What about the rape scene? The Nola character is raped by the arguably nicest, sweetest one of her three boyfriends. And the scene plays like he's punishing her for pushing him too far, for betraying him, but as you wrote, she was always open and honest about the fact that she had three boyfriends. This isn't much of a celebration of a woman owning her sexuality, at least, no woman would claim that this was.

  • Margaret Hames | August 8, 2011 5:49 AMReply

    I wasn't out to hurt your feelings. In fact, I very much appreciate the opportunity to have this conversation with you. As I mentioned earlier, you got right back to me on this. Thank you for that. It's all about the "back and forth" in blogging, isn't it?

  • Jonathan Pacheco | August 8, 2011 5:43 AMReply

    I actually agree with a lot of those points. There are many aspects of it not addressed by Lee or the characters, even though I think there are some things that might be able to be interpreted one way or another (as I speculated earlier).

    However, when I mentioned that the scene "slipped my mind" (poor word choice on my part), it certainly wasn't meant to imply that the events portrayed are "no big deal," just that in my writing, I was highly focused on so many other aspects of the film (all those candles) that I somehow overlooked a very pivotal event. So it's a little shocking to see me lumped in the "no big deal" statement. I'll definitely be sure to be clearer next time.

  • Margaret Hames | August 8, 2011 3:44 AMReply

    I'm just reacting to what Spike put up on the screen; what I saw, explicitly, and correct me if I'm wrong--the fictional character Jamie became enraged at Nola and acted out that rage by raping her. Afterwards, there is no calling of the police; in fact, no criticism of any kind is aimed at the Jamie character. The character of Nola, on the other hand, CHANGES due to the rape. She says aloud that she wants to be by herself for a while and think things over. Her character does not state that a rape or any type of crime has taken place. Jamie does not acknowledge that a crime has taken place. Spike Lee does not acknowledge that a crime has taken place. After all these years, the film continues to make the statement that no crime took place. Women have to live with that every day. You yourself admitted it slipped your mind. No big deal? Not to women.

  • Jonathan Pacheco | August 8, 2011 3:01 AMReply

    Well, I should be clear in saying that I personally don't feel Lee was trying to say that she, in any way, deserved that "punishment," or that anyone should ever think of that as some form of punishment. I'm only speculating what the character, in a very emotionally confused state, might be feeling. I think it's clear that Lee did NOT approve of her reaction to Jamie's actions (trying to destroy who she is and her desires), because the ending of the film is, to me, a strong statement by Nola, realizing who she is and who she isn't, and that she needn't change any of that for anyone.

  • Margaret Hames | August 8, 2011 2:22 AMReply

    My point--my only point--is that "punishing" a woman by raping her is only abhorrent. The idea that Spike would express the idea through a female character's voice that she deserved her "punishment" is abhorrent as well.

  • Jonathan Pacheco | August 8, 2011 1:57 AMReply

    As I read it, Nola was beginning to feel desperate for Jamie, emotionally and physically (we see her call him right after the masturbation scene). After he "punishes" her, I imagine that, among many other things, in her very emotionally confused state, she perhaps might've been wondering if he was right, maybe feeling guilty for wanting that physical pleasure so badly. She could've been momentarily convinced that what she did *was* a betrayal, and to rectify that, instead of calling the cops, she needed to "clean up her act" and become the woman Jamie wanted her to be.

  • Margaret Hames | August 8, 2011 1:30 AMReply

    Jonathan--thanks for getting back to me so quickly! The idea of a man struggling with the idea of a woman like Nola--great point. Spike made an unusual choice to make Nola the main character (as you said, obviously not a female). As a woman, it was downright disheartening to see poor Nola literally dismantling her life after the rape. Like Jamie had a point to make and she had to take time to mull it over. Nola doesn't call the police. How come?

  • Jonathan Pacheco | August 8, 2011 1:11 AMReply

    Very true about the rape scene. Shockingly, it somehow slipped my mind, that's an oversight on my part. I was referring more to some of the male-on-male violence we see in some of Lee's other pictures, or, for example, Boyz N the Hood a handful of years later. However, violence against females portrayed on film (or simply a degrading attitude as in Singleton's film), especially coming after the era of blaxploitation films, was definitely in need of being addressed at the time of this movie.

    I don't necessarily think the film is a celebration of a woman owning her sexuality, either, but perhaps more of an attempt by Lee -- obviously not a female, so his views are skewed -- to get people to understand that sexuality, to see it differently. Jamie is *definitely* trying to punish Nola for what he feels is betrayal, but I don't see Lee in any way advocating or justifying those actions, but rather showing us that even the nicest and sweetest of men still struggles with the idea of a woman like Nola. As she says in the end, he's looking for a myth, a girl-next-door kind of wife, and when he doesn't see that in her, he eventually reacts in an abhorrent way.

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