This time around, it's Alexandre Davy de la Pailleterie, aka Alexandre Dumas, aka "Black Devil" by some of the armies he fought against (let's just say he was good at his job), aka The Black Count, which is the title of a recently published book from acclaimed author Tom Reiss. It was actually published in September, and the full title is The Black Count: Glory, Revolution, Betrayal, and the Real Count of Monte Cristo.
I bought a copy of the book soon after it was published, and I'm finally getting around to reading it (my to-read pile of books is high). I'm about 1/3 of the way through, and it's quite riveting. Well-written, and reads with all the thrills of a novel written by Dumas' son, likely the most popular Dumas, also named Alexandre Dumas, author of literary classics like The Count of Monte Cristo and The Three Musketeers.
Dumas, the father of the author, is the figure at the center of Reiss' riveting The Black Count, and which is encouraged reading.
In short, his life is/was the stuff of legends, and became fodder for his son's novels. The Count Of Monte Cristo and The Three Musketeers for example, were, in part, based on Dumas, the father's real-life story; his ending just wasn't as happy as it was for the fictional count in the 2002 film that most are probably familiar with, starring Jim Caviezel and Guy Pearce (there've been several film adaptations of the novel, however).
Dumas, the father, The Black Count, was born in Saint-Domingue (present-day Haiti) in 1762, the son of a black slave woman and a rebel French aristocrat. He was briefly sold into slavery but eventually made his way to Paris where he was schooled as a sword-fighting member of the French aristocracy. Enlisting as a private, through pure ability, skill and determination, he rose up through the ranks rather quickly, and would eventually command armies at the height of the French Revolution, in audacious campaigns across Europe and the Middle East.
He wasn't only a great soldier, but also became the
highest-ranking black leader in a *modern* white society, at that time. By 32 years old, he was appointed commander-in-chief of the French
army, which is the equivalent of a four-star general here in the USA.
The last years of his life were unfortunately spent in captivity, before he would be released, all his accomplishments virtually forgotten, eventually dying of an incurable illness at just 43, in poverty, leaving a wife and 3 children - one of them being Alexandre Dumas, the son, who would go on to become the prolific and notable author.The Black Count was actually born Thomas-Alexandre Davy de la Pailleterie (his aristocrat father's name), but he would eventually take his slave mother’s surname when he enlisted, becoming simply Alexandre (or Alex) Dumas.
Initially praised and loved by Napoleon for his daring, heroic battlefield feats, the same Napoleon would eventually come to despise Dumas for, really, the same reasons he liked him in the first place - his independence and revolutionary ideals which dictated his approach to war, and earned him victories, as well as the respect of both his friends and enemies.
While Dumas languished for two years in an enemy dungeon, Napoleon made himself dictator and destroyed the "post-racial" society that was France at the time, imposing cruel race laws, and re-instituting slavery in the colonies. Napoleon then went to extraordinary lengths to completely bury the memory of Alex Dumas, ensuring that he was all-but forgotten, until recent memory.