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Not In Kansas Anymore: The Long History Of Disney And 'The Wizard Of Oz'

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by Drew Taylor
March 5, 2013 2:22 PM
5 Comments
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Not In Kansas Anymore: The Long History Of Disney And 'Oz'

This weekend's opulent 3D fantasia "Oz, The Great And Powerful," directed by former "Spider-Man" director Sam Raimi, is one of Disney's biggest movies of the year – a dreamy, technologically advanced marvel that cost $200 million to produce and god knows how much to market. And while this is the latest film from the Mouse House to flirt with the "Wizard of Oz" mythos (originally developed in a series of best-selling fantasy novels by American author L. Frank Baum), it is far from the first. In fact, Disney has been doggedly pursuing the world of Oz, to varying degrees of success, since the late '30s. The odyssey that Disney took to get to "Oz, the Great and Powerful" is more fraught with danger, pain, and dead-ends than anything involving a yellow brick road. Thankfully, nowhere in this story does a flying monkey with the voice of Zach Braff appear.

(Before we click our ruby slippers together, I would just like to state that the story of Walt Disney and "The Wizard of Oz" is an incredibly difficult one to untangle, and I would have been lost in my quest without this fully illustrated 2006 piece by noted Disney historian Jim Hill.)  

Walt Disney
Walt Disney
As work on his first feature-length animated film, "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs," chugged steadily along, Walt Disney was looking for a follow-up. He found it in the Baum's 'Oz' books, which, to Walt at least, captured the same spirit as 'Snow White,' and could serve as a similar crossover success – it was enriched with childlike fantasy but still appealed to adults. Unfortunately, Walt was told that the rights had been sold – first to Samuel Goldwyn (for a cool $60,000) and then, as heat started to increase around the 'Oz' property following the commercial success of Disney's "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs," to Louis B. Mayer (in 1938). The debt to "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs" can't be overstated – the original designs for the Wicked Witch of the West even shared an eerie similarity to the film's villainous queen.

In 1954, 11 of the 'Oz' novels (among them "The Emerald City of Oz," in which Dorothy's relatives from Kansas come to live in Oz, and "The Road to Oz," a story that featured a character named Polychrome The Rainbow's Daughter) were up for sale, and Walt snapped them up. The thinking was that the subsequent novels would be adapted for his "Disneyland" television series, and not the big screen. But the script for what would eventually be known as "The Rainbow Road to Oz" was soon transferred to the live-action feature development team, who assigned a pair of "Mickey Mouse Club" principles to produce and direct, with a number of the Mouseketeers scheduled to perform in the film. (The fourth season opener of the "Disneyland" show featured the "Mickey Mouse Club" performers trying to convince Walt to make the movie – if you watch the footage you can see possible costumes and even musical numbers that were said to be part of the movie – it's available on one of those limited edition Walt Disney Archives DVDs from a few years ago).

By 1958, though, Walt had both bought the rights to the 12th book (at an exorbitant fee) and completely abandoned "The Rainbow Road to Oz," instead focusing his attention on a similarly candy-colored adaptation of "Babes in Toyland" (this movie also featured Annette Funicello, who was slated to appear in "The Rainbow Road to Oz" as Oz queen Ozma) and on utilizing the 'Oz' property to augment a lame duck Disneyland attraction. While "Babes in Toyland" did end up happening, the 'Oz' ride expansion (which was a new finale for the sleepy Storybook Land Canal Boats attraction) never materialized.

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5 Comments

  • Skippy | March 6, 2013 3:34 PMReply

    Hi Drew--I've seen pictures of an adult Shirley Temple dressed as Ozma that I think were from a very loose adaptation of "The Marvelous Land of Oz" that was done on a TV show she might have done in the late '50s. Did you run across anything about that and how it fits into the Disney picture?

  • Drew | March 7, 2013 9:04 AM

    Hey Skippy -- No I haven't ever seen those photos but I'm not sure what project that could have been from, considering the time period would have been when Disney still, very much controlled the rights to the bulk of the "Oz"-related materials. Will have to look into this.

  • The Meet Cute | March 6, 2013 7:35 AMReply

    Does anyone know what film/book/artwork the image of the clown with balloons is from? (Bottom right corner of main image).

  • Skippy | March 6, 2013 3:31 PM

    I have a book about the history of the Oz books/films and there's a section on the illustrations and the foreign editions. That picture looks like it might have characters from "The Patchwork Girl of Oz," but it's not the original John R. Neill illustrations. Maybe it's from a foreign edition of that book? It's not a great answer for you, but maybe it can give you a search start...

  • Matt N. | March 5, 2013 3:34 PMReply

    Drew--Excellent history lesson. Thanks! I saw "Oz the Great and Powerful" last night and thought it was pretty terrible, but I didn't have high hopes going in. This article was very fascniating, though.

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